Book Review Cardigans & Closures


The cover features a double-breasted jacket worked in mosaic stitch

Cardigans and jackets are hugely popular with knitters. Pulling a sweater up over your head, multiple times a day, is a great way to get an Einsteinian coiffure but it's not hugely practical, while a cardigan or jacket lets you put on or take off the garment, with ease, or wear it partially open, fully closed or completely loose.

Cardigans & Closures, by Melissa Leapman is, in essence, two different books; a resource book on closures and a pattern book with 7 different designs.

As a resource, this 56 page book is concise but should cover the vast majority of closure needs, from those that need not be planned for ahead of time, such as zippers and loop closures, to those that are integrated right into the knitting, such as the double-breasted mosaic jacket on the cover. All techniques are fully explained and many offer helpful illustrations as well.

For those whose prefer seamless designs, with integrated plackets and closures, you may find this book lacking. Garments are all worked in pieces and most of the button treatments are picked up and knit on or require some seaming work.

The Funky Boyfriend Cardigan has a sturdy double thickness placket that is knit flat, folded, and seamed to the wrong side.

As a book of knitting patterns, Cardigans & Closures offers a nice variety of stitch patterns, lengths and, of course, closure treatments. Projects use Craft Yarn Council standards for sizing, skill level, and yarn weights, offering garments to fit bust sizes from around 28" / 71 cm up to 54" / 137 cm. Patterns use imperial measurements with a metric conversion chart at the end of the book. More complex stitch patterns are charted, only, but the charts are clear and the repeats are relatively small.

The seven designs in the book.

Silhouettes are all straight through the body (one garment has a flared flounce at the bottom,) with no waist shaping, and the garments mostly feature modified set-in style sleeves. While I'm partial to more figure hugging shapes, many of these would be easy enough to modify, if a different shape suited you better.

For those of you who might be looking for a resource to help you improve your closure making skills, or if you like any of the projects shown, you should find this little book a good resource. I could see this being particularly helpful to people who want to convert existing pullover designs into cardigans.

If you want to find out more about this book, you can see the press release here.

Note: I received a free copy of this book from the publisher for review purposes. I received no other compensation for this review.



I have been waiting with bated breath since Quince & Co posted this preview, last Monday. I love designing shawls. When Pam asked me if I would consider designing one for Quince & Co, right as I was swatching up a shawl design, I figured it was serendipity. I put together a quick proposal and the rest is history, except it's the present, not history, but you know what I mean.

The design starts with small textured hills growing larger and then ending in a deep fluted ruffle. It brought to mind the drive to Mt Hood, which we can see from our bedroom window.

The pattern starts at the center-back neck and works out to the bind off at the end of the ruffle, in a single piece. The pattern is primarily charted.

© Carrie Bostick Hoge

I love Quince & Co's dreamy styling and high key photography. It beats the pants off my standing in front of our run down fence near the strawberry patch.

No strawberries were harmed in the filming of this shawl.

If you like the pattern, you can purchase it here. To see even more pictures, you can check out the Ravelry page for it.

Darwin helps with the modeling

Star Wears


Or maybe, The Empire Waist Strikes Back?

McCall's 6554_02

Leo, my sci-fi loving nerd monkey, thinks the fabric is an odd choice. I wonder who the hell I married. I mean, really, if you saw this fabric wouldn't you want to make a kicky dress out of it? Of course you would. My one regret is that I didn't buy an additional yard so I could have matched the design up in more places. The pattern is McCall's 6554, and I wrote about the pattern here.

I also did some spinning.

Chain plied handspun_07

Actually, I started spinning this yarn about a year ago, but got distracted by my new obsession with sewing and my old obsession with knitting. I'm 99% positive it's from Amy's Progression Dyed collection, but the color and fiber content have been lost to time. Whatever it is, it's pretty. Just ask Panda and Thea.

Chain plied handspun_04

Chain plied handspun_05

Oh, and you know what else happened? We went to the beach.

Pacific City_June 15, 2012_37

And a seal watched us play

Pacific City_June 15, 2012_20

So we watched back.

And Thea made funny faces:

Pacific City_June 15, 2012_16

And Darwin was adorable

Pacific City_June 15, 2012_04

And Panda played her favorite game.

Pacific City_June 15, 2012_24

So, yah, things are pretty good.

Best of all, it's Father's day and I'd be remiss if I didn't mention how glad I am my dad picked me to be his daughter.

Because it's summer


Sometimes, I read through the designer forums on Ravelry and people discuss ideal times to release different types of patterns and often it's pointed out how terrible sales are in the warm months and how unwise it can be to release a pattern at a time when it won't generate a lot of buzz. All really interesting stuff, and good advice.

In unrelated news, I have a new pattern, Uchiwa.


It's worked in a delightful merino/cashmere/nylon blend that is both soft and sturdy enough for regular use, though I did do a prototype in Koigu, and it worked just as well, albeit with a little less cushy softness.

Ahhh, cashmere in summer, I'm getting clammy just thinking about it. I'm pretty sure I missed my calling in marketing. I can tell I'm really selling you on this idea. But I'll say this, the holidays (if you celebrate them) aren't too far off and mittens and hats make for good gifts. And also, mittens are small and portable and it's winter in the southern hemisphere, so, this is totally the pattern you are looking for.

Want to find out more? Check out the pattern details here or on Ravelry


This is part three of a three part series on adding your signature to digital files. In the first part, we discussed making a TIFF of your signature, in the second part, we added that signature to Microsoft Word. In this part, we'll use InDesign to add our signature to a PDF. We'll also learn about filling out forms in InDesign.

If you want to play along with the home game, you can download the signature, a sample Microsoft Word contract and a sample PDF contract by clicking the links.

For this step, you'll need:

  • the digital version of your signature that we made in the first tutorial
  • sample PDF contract
  • InDesign*
  • A rudimentary understanding of InDesign and it's most basic selection and text tools

*I'm using InDesign CS5 on a Mac. This should work in other desktop publishing programs, including Scribus, a free open source alternative, but the individual steps my vary. You can refer to your help menu or user manual for more guidance.

For the sake of simplicity, I'm going to opt for the least technical explanations, I can. Most steps have a keyboard shortcut equivelent, but I'll tell you where the option is in the menus, and I will describe tools by how they appear, not necessarily by their technical name.

Open InDesign and create a new document. You will want to have the same number of pages as there are in your contract. Set your margins to 0 and make sure your pages are the same size as your contract. Contracts from Europe will likely be on A4 sized pages. Contracts from North America will likely be on Letter sized pages. That's pretty much the extent of my default paper size knowledge. Since you don't need to print anything out, it doesn't matter, your digital file can support either or both sizes, if you like.

New document dialog box
New document dialog box


The next step is to place your PDF. Go to FILE | PLACE and navigate to the PDF of your contract.

File | Place


IMPORTANT: click the SHOW IMPORT OPTIONS check box before proceeding.

Show import options
Show Import Options


This will bring up a set of import settings. Choose to import ALL the pages and set the "Crop to" drop-down to "Media".

import settings
Import settings


Your cursor will change, giving you a tiny thumbnail of the first page of the contract. Click in the upper left corner of your page to place the first page of the contract. If you have multiple pages to your contract, the next page will now be loaded into your cursor and you can place it on the next page of your InDesign document. Continue this process until all pages have been added.

place contract pages
Contract is now placed in InDesign


Note: The default setting in InDesign is to show a low resolution preview of the PDF in InDesign. This is not reflective of the actual quality of the file. The quality is determined by the original PDF and whatever export settings you use when you make the signed version of the PDF.


Navigate to the point in the document where your signature should appear. Go to FILE | PLACE, as we did above.

Select your signature file but turn off all the check boxes that were turned on before. We do not want import options and we do not want the signature to replace any selected images.

select signature file
Find your signature and turn off import options


Your cursor will now be loaded with the new image. If you just click, anywhere on the page, the image will appear, or you can click and drag a box that matches the size you want your image to be. Either method will work but the latter will save you the step of having to resize your signature.

place signature
Place your signature


With the black arrow tool selected from your toolbar click the signature.

select signature
Select signature


And drag it into place or nudge it with the arrow keys on your keyboard. Even though the black signature is on a white background, if you created a bitmap TIFF file, InDesign will treat any white pixels as transparent, so your descenders can dip below the signature line.

signature in place
The signature in its place


That's pretty much it for adding an image. If that's all you need to do, you can skip ahead to the end, where we make a PDF to send.

If you have text to add to the page, you'll need to select your standard text tool from the toolbar. Use this to draw a box over first space requiring text.

create a box for the date
Use the text tool to create a text frame


Type in the relevant text. If, after typing in the text, the frame is blank or the text cut off and you see a little red plus sign, that means your frame is too small to hold the text. Use your black arrow to resize the frame.

With your text frame still selected, go to OBJECT | TEXT FRAME OPTIONS to modify your text frame.

Text frame options
Modify the options for your text frame


The default vertical alignment is TOP. From the drop-down, choose BOTTOM. This step is totally optional but it makes it easier to align items to a visual baseline.

Change the vertical alignment
Set vertical alignment


If you were about to fill out a bajillionty page contract or job application, and you wanted to save yourself a few moments, you could use this opportunity to define the current text frame settings as your default text frame settings. That's a bit out of the scope of this tutorial, but the options for defining object styles are in the Object Styles Palette, which look a little like this.

The vertical alignment change will push your text to the bottom of the text frame. It will look something like this.

vertical align bottom
The date is aligned to the bottom of the text box


You can nudge the text frame so that it is as far above of the line as you find visually acceptable.

nudge text frame
Nudge text frame into place


To quickly create a second text frame with the same attributes, hold down Option (Mac) or Alt (PC) button and click and drag on the text frame. This will create a copy of the text frame, leaving the original one where it was. Drag or nudge it into its final position.

Option/Alt drag the text frame to make a copy.
Create a second text box


Double click on the frame to edit the text or switch to your text tool, and then modify the text.

change the text
Update the new text box


Continue in this manner until you've filled out all the applicable information and signed in all the indicated spots.

The only step remaining is to create a PDF. Go to FILE | EXPORT. A dialog box will appear. Choose Adobe PDF (Print) from the Format drop-down list.

Choose PDF
Choose PDF from the drop-down


Name your PDF and click Save to complete the process.

give your pdf a name
Save your PDF


That's it! Your contract is ready to email back and you have a signed digital copy for your records.

I may actually add a part 4 to this 3 part series. Microsoft Word does allow the placement of PDFs and you could do a hybrid of the two methods to sign a PDF in MS Word. This would work well for people who do not wish to invest in buying and/or learning a desktop publishing application.

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